Measles (Rubeola)


Background

  • Measles (Rubeola), also known as 1st Disease
  • Recent outbreak
  • Treatment is mainly supportive
  • Pathophysiology

  • Mechanism
  • Etiology/Risk Factors
  • Epidemiology
  • Diagnostics

  • History/Symptoms
  • Physical Exam/Signs
  • Labs/Tests
  • Imaging
  • Other Tests/Criteria

    Differential Diagnosis

     

  • Treatment

  • Initial/Prep/Goals
  • Medical/Pharmaceutical

     

  • Complications

  • Otitis media (most common)
  • Interstitial pneumonia
  • Bacterial Pneumonia
  • Giant cell (Hecht) pneumonia with impaired cellular immunity
  • Fatal
  • Latent TB activation
  • Myocarditis (least common)
  • Mesenteric lymphadenitis (least common)
  • Encephalomyelitis
  • Bronchopneumonia (most common cause of death)
  • Encephalitis (most common cause of death)
  • Subacute scerlosiing panencephalitis6 {SSPE} (late complication)

     

  • Prevention

  • Vaccination
  • Disposition

  • Admit
  • Consult
  • Further Management with primary care or admission
  • Discharge/Follow-up instructions










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