Optic Neuritis


Background

Pathophysiology

Diagnosis

Differential Diagnoses

  1. NMO - Neuromyelitis optica (MS variant)
  2. Infectious or post-infectious process
  3. Non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy
  4. Arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy
  5. Inflammatory
  6. Genetic
  7. Neuroretinitis

Treatment

  1. Goals
  2. Corticosteroids

Prognosis

  1. Visual recovery is common, often complete
  2. If at presentation
  3. Visual recovery still common in those w/more severe visual loss at presentation
  4. Poorer outcome
  5. Reoccurrence rate
  6. Risk of developing MS