Cognitive Problems


Delirium Acute disturbance of cognition (inattention: can’t focus, shift, or sustain attention)
Normal Aging Slowing in rate at which information can be receive and processed
Reduction in “explicit memory” (eg., the ability to recall a specific name, number, or location on demand)
Dementia Alzheimer's Dementia Memory loss plus 1 or more: Aphasia, Apraxia, Agnosia, Executive Dysfunction
• Usually few motor signs apparent early
• Subtle behavioral and personality changes early
Minor Neuro-cognitive Disorder  
“Pseudodementia” (Dementia Syndrome of Depression)  
Vascular Dementia Stepwise progression, prior strokes, focal neuro symptoms/signs
Preserved personality
Diffuse Lewy Body Dementia Dementia + Parkinsonism + Visual hallucination
Frontotemporal Dementia Behavioral problems early
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Wacky, Wobbly, and Wet
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Rapidly progressive
Myoclonic jerks