Pre-participation Physical Exam

The PPE is a screening tool used to evaluate athletes for injuries, illness, and other factors that might place them or others at risk during sports. Although there is no solid evidence that a screening PPE will reliably identify clinically silent conditions such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a comprehensive PPE offers physicians the best opportunity to meet this objective.




The most common presentation of a cardiac abnormality is sudden death

In light of the risk of splenic injury that occurs with mononucleosis (even in the absence of splenomegaly), sports should be avoided for 21-28 days from the start of infection.

Myocarditis is an absolute contraindication for any sport in light of the risk of sudden death with exertion