Scoliosis


Lateral curvature of the thoracic or lumbar spine > 10°.
Usually idiopathic, but can be 2° to neuromuscular disease (cerebral palsy, spinal muscular atrophy, myelomeningocele) or vertebral disease (tumor, infection).
Can also be disease associated (e.g., neurofibromatosis or Marfan’s syndrome).

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