General Principles of Blunt Chest Trauma


Background
  1. Injury to the chest from blunt mechanisms
  2. Can involve any part of chest
  3. Mortality is 20-25%

Pathophysiology

  1. Trauma can cause
  2. Etiologies
  3. Mechanism of injuries

Diagnostics

  1. History
  2. Symptoms
  3. Physical Exam
  4. Diagnostic testing

General Treatment
(For specific treatment, please see individual disease entities)

  1. ATLS
  2. Thoracotomies
  3. Immediate surgical intervention
  4. Antibiotics
  5. Tetanus prophylaxis

Disposition

  1. Admit virtually all patients
  2. Trauma / surgery consults